AI - Artificial Intelligence
AT - Assistive Technology
CPC - Challenge Prize Centre
TMF - Toyota Mobility Foundation
Assistive Technology - Any product or service that maintains or improves the ability of individuals with disabilities or impairments to communicate, learn and live independent, fulfilling and productive lives.
Artificial Intelligence - Replicating the cognitive and perceptual tasks of a human with a machine, encompassing learning, decision making, visual perception and proprioception.
Challenge (also known as a challenge prize) - A means of encouraging innovation by offering a reward to whoever can first or most effectively meet a defined issue or problem. Used as an incentive or ‘inducement’ to meet a specific challenge, rather than a reward for past achievements.
Challenge Entrants (or Challenge Participants) - Any individuals, teams or organisations who have submitted an application or an entry form to the Challenge, regardless or whether they are successful or not. A team, individual or organisation would cease being a Challenge Entrant when they exit the Challenge process, either being not being selected for the next stage of funding, or after the announcement of the winner in 2020. If they have not received a Discovery Award and choose not to apply for the main Challenge, then they won't be considered as Challenge Entrants.
Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) - A technique that uses low energy electrical pulses to artificially generate body movements in individuals who have been paralysed.
Intelligent System - A system comprising sensors and processors, taking a sense input and automatically transforming it into an output.
Machine Learning - a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows software applications to become more accurate in predicting outcomes without being explicitly programmed.
Mobility - The ability for an individual to move from one place to another freely and easily.
Orthosis (adj. orthotic) - An artificial support or brace for the limbs or spine.
Paralysis - The loss of the ability to move one or more limbs or muscle groups. It may be associated with loss of feeling and other bodily functions. It may be complete (no movement or sensation) or partial (some movement or sensation, also known as palsy).
Challenge Pot - The total amount of money available for distribution to entrants in a challenge.
Robotic Exoskeleton - An artificial external supporting structure for the body with powered, motorised movement controlled in full or in part by a computer.
Smart System - A system comprising sensors and processors, taking a sense input and automatically transforming it into an output.
Smart Wheelchair - A wheelchair containing computer chips and sensors, which are capable of autonomous navigation / navigation assistance and other robotic functions.